1.Enlightenment, Science: Scientists who wrote and experimented during the Scientific Revolution stressed
the importance of the scientific method and empiricism. They met fierce resistance from religious
authorities. Choose TWO of the primary sources from the Chapter 17 Source collection (Copernicus,
Galilei, Newton), and discuss the ways in which the scientists, despite pushback from popes and
ecclesiastical leaders, believed they were reconciling religious ideas with empirical science. How did they
explain the relationship between their scientific ideas and Biblical ones? How did they imagine science in
support of religion?
These are the topics that I have already started on and the topics that I want to be covered but I will also
put links to the two sources that need to be used aswell.
Began in the in the mid sixteenth century and continued into the eighteenth century
Transformed the way people think
Changed in astronomy, physics, chemistry and biology
Each individual scientist studies different fields but all had the common goal to find the scientific truth.
These scientists observed and experimented to help express and to his the theories value
Scientific method –
Scientists used and approach called empiricism to help validate their theoriesEmpiricism – practice of testing scientific theories by observation and experimentation.
Body 1 explain in depth what the scientific revolution was and also name scientists
The most significant change in astronomy was the acceptance that the sun was the center of the universe
A man named Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) looked for a simpler and more plausible model of the
universe. He proposed that the center of the universe was the sun.
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) was more successful at gaining support with the sun-centered model. In 1632
the publication of Dialogue concerning the Two Chief World Systems Ptolemaic and Copernican help
influence many scientists to believe this theory but in return lost the support of Pope Urban VIII. He was
later put on trial and was forced to stop supporting Copernican’s model of the universe.
Another significant contribution that Galileo made to science during this time was his significant
understanding of physics. He came up with a formulation of a mathematical law of motion that explained
speed and acceleration.
Other major achievements within the field of chemistry William Harvey (1578-1657) discovered that blood
flows throughout the body.
Isaac Newton (1642-1727) universal law of gravitation which explained why things are being held down to
Deductive reasoning – the logical process by which ideas and laws are derived from basic truths and
Body 2 why did this go against the church
Consequences of the scientific revolution
This affected what people studies in the West and how they handled intellectual problems. Between 1680
and 1720 there were many new advances in the university education and the way people valued science
due to the recent breakthroughs. With the spread of new scientific knowledge, there always challenges
along the way and went against
their rivals Aristotelianism.
The new discoveries within science also strongly went against the traditional Christian belief. The believe
that the sun is the center of the universe and the biblical references to the sun’s mobility. Thw
Body 3 reference number one
Body 4 reference number two
Body 5 how did the church and science come together
The two sources are:
Nicolaus Copernicus, On the Revolution of the Heavenly Spheres (1543)
William Harvey, Address to the Royal College of Physicians (1628)
The major point of this paper is to talk about the conflict between he church and the created beliefs during
the scientific revolution