Organizations are frequently attacked by external entities. Thus, organizations with mature information
security departments typically conduct port scans, as well as enumeration and password-cracking
exercises on their own systems. These services, both official and unofficial, create the potential for
exposure and exploitation. Consider the following questions and respond to at least three from the list:
-Why is port scanning useful?
-Why would attackers scan systems and networks?
-Why would security analysts scan systems and networks?
-Why is enumeration useful?
-Why would security analysts use password cracking tools?
In preparing your response, cite at least one source from professional or academic literature, such as
articles from peer-reviewed journals and relevant textbooks. For this course, the use of Wikipedia is not
considered an academic or professional reference.