East Los Copy Shop (ELCS) compiles, copies, and sells reading materials to students on the instructions of
their professors, who indicate which parts of certain publications to include. These include texts published
by the publishing company,10-Gauge, Inc.
ELCS does not obtain the permission of 10-Gauge, or any of the other original publishers of the copied
materials, and does not pay royalties on the sales of the compilations. 10-Gauge and others file a suit
against ELCS, alleging infringement of the plaintiffs’ intellectual property rights.
1) Identify and define which type of intellectual property is involved in this situation?
2) Identify the doctrine that is ELCS’s likely defense and why ELCS would argue the doctrine should apply.
10-Gauge, Inc. is an American publishing company wholly located in the United States. 10-Gauge, Inc. is
contemplating expanding its content and creating materials that may be desirable in foreign markets but is
concerned about its intellectual property, including its: various marks, proprietary online software and
interface technology, and published materials.
Name four (4) international agreements discussed in the course materials to which the United States has
been a party, relating intellectual property.
(and) Briefly describe how each of four (4) international agreements functions (what each does or requires)
to protect intellectual property rights.